Online Safety

At Birley Primary Academy we strongly believe that there are positive and negative aspects of the internet: 

Positive Aspects

Great for research
Cheap or free communication and collaboration
Easy to create and publish content and get it noticed
Great for children to develop further job skills as fun hobbies
Introduces children to the world of commerce and business
Encourages creativity and individualism
Children feel they have ‘ownership’ of the internet 

Negative Aspects

Cyber bullying
Online privacy and personal information
Reputation management and ‘digital footprint’Inappropriate material
Illegal downloads and copyright infringement
Spam, phishing, viruses and malware
Children lying about their age to get onto social networking platforms with a 13+ age limit 

The positive needs to outweigh the negatives in online safety education

The best outcome regarding online incidents such as, cyber-bulling and online harassment with school-aged children is always to persuade the pupils to see the consequences of their actions and remove the material of their own accord.

Much better outcomes are seen when children decide for themselves what is and is not acceptable and self-regulate their actions. Schools and parents have a huge role in providing this guidance first, rather than imposing rigid rules and sanctions as an initial measure. 

Minimum Age Limits

According to https://www.saferinternet.org WhatsApp have announced a change to their terms and conditions for users based in Europe. Users will now need to be 16 to use WhatsApp.Nearly all other social media services require users to be at least 13 years of age to access and use their services. This includes Facebook, Snapchat, Twitter, Instagram, Musical.ly and Skype. 

Whilst there is no age restriction for watching videos on YouTube, users need to be 13 or older to have their own YouTube account (enabling them to subscribe to other channels, like videos, post comments, share their own content and flag inappropriate content). 

Statistics

Usage:

Time spent on the internet:
The estimated weekly time spent using the internet at home in 2013 increased with the age of the child: 6.7 hours for 5 to 7-year-olds, 9.2 hours for 8-11-year-olds and 17.0 hours for 12-15-year-olds. (Source: Ofcom). 

As in 2012, 12-15-year-olds still spent as much time using the internet as watching television. (Source: Ofcom). 

One in five 12-15s with a social networking site profile say they visit it more than 10 times a day. 85% claim to visit their profile at least once a day. (Source: Ofcom).

Internet safety issues:
79% of children use the internet at home unsupervised. (Source: Childnet).
69% of young people say they don’t like their parents checking up on their online activities. (Source: Childnet).
49% of young people claim they have given private information to someone they have met online. (Source: NCH).
31% of 9-18-year-olds who use the internet at least once a week have received inappropriate, unwanted comments. (Source: NCH).
57% of child internet users have come into contact with inappropriate online material. (Source:NCH).
57% of child internet users have come into contact with inappropriate online material. (Source:NCH).
1 in 12 children have met face-to-face with someone they first met online. (Source: NCH).

Advertising and information:
40% of 9-18-year-olds trust most of the information on the internet. (Source: NCH).
8-11-year-olds (70%) are more likely than 12-15-year-olds (48%) to believe that the information on sites such as Wikipedia is all or mostly true. (Source: Ofcom).
73% of online adverts are not clearly labelled as such. (Source: Childnet). 

Key Tips:

Know what your children are doing online.
Be aware who your children are talking to online.
Keep computer and internet access in a shared family room.
Explain why your children should not give out personal details online.
Explain to your child that nothing is private on the internet – anything can be copied, whether it be private pictures, comments or messages.
Point out that your child should always consider what an employer or partner might be able to find about them on Google in 5 to 10 years’ time.
Avoid replying to junk, spam or phishing emails, or opening attachments which might contain viruses or malware.
Teach your children to be sceptical about information they read online.
Ensure your child does not meet up with online friends unless accompanied by a parent/carer.
Creating a positive environment where your child can be open and inquisitive and feel confident discussing their online experiences, whether positive or negative.
Teach your children how to block and report any behaviour or content  

Please click on the links below for information on how to support your children to use the internet safely:

https://www.nspcc.org.uk/ShareAware
https://www.childnet.com/ufiles/Supporting-Young-People-Online.pdf
https://www.childnet.com/ufiles/Online-gaming-an-introduction-for-parents-and-carers-2017.pdf

DITTO Leaflet

How to set parental control:

https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/keeping-children-safe/online-safety/parental-controls/ 

NSPCC advice on how to talk to you child about staying safe online:

https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/keeping-children-safe/online-safety/talking-your-child-staying-safe-online/

Staying Safe Online – Information for Parents and Carers

Staying Safe Online – Information for Young People